Comparative and Superlative Adverbs

Beberapa bentuk comparative dan superlative pada adverbia sama dengan adjektiva, misalnya: early, fast, hard, high, late, long, near. Keduanya juga menggunakan akhiran –er dan –est untuk membandingkan sesuatu.

Beberapa aturan pembentukan comparative dan superlative adverbs:
1. Tambahkan –er (comparative) dan –est (superlative) pada short adverbs:
- hard – harder - hardest
- late – later - latest
- fast – faster - fastest

Contoh:
- Jim works harder than his brother.
- Everyone in the race ran fast, but John ran the fastest of all.

2. Gunakan more atau less (comparative) dan most atau least (superlative) pada adverbia yang berakhiran –ly.
- quietly - more quietly - most quietly
- slowly - more slowly - most slowly
- seriously - more seriously - most seriously
- confidently – less confidently – least confidently
- skillfully – less skillfully – least skillfully

Contoh:
- The teacher spoke more slowly to help us to understand.
- She worked less confidently after her accident.
- That was the least skillfully done performance I've seen in years.

3. Beberapa adverbia mempunyai bentuk irregular:
- badly – worse - worst
- far - farther/further - farthest/furthest
- little – less - least
- well – better - best

Contoh:
- The little boy ran further than his friends.
- You’re driving worse today than yesterday!


Catatan

Dalam bahasa Inggris informal bentuk perbandingan cheaper, cheapest, louder, loudest, quicker, quickest, slower, slowest lebih sering digunakan daripada more cheaply, the most loudly, etc.
- Mary reacted the quickest.
- You should drive slower in fog.

Kadang-kadang most dapat berarti very yang tentu saja bukan merupakan bentuk perbandingan, contoh:
- We were most grateful for your help
- I am most impressed by this application.

Begitu juga sooner atau more often pada contoh berikut yang bukan sebagai perbandingan:
- Try to get home sooner. (=quickly)
- I must exercise more often. (=many times)


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